Electric Vehicles Nationwide

EV Variations

Electric vehicle (EV) is the umbrella term for any vehicle that is powered, in part or in full, by a battery that can be directly plugged into mains electricity. In short, any vehicle that can be plugged in including pure-electric, plug-in hybrid and extended-range electric vehicles, these aren’t to be confused with Hybrid’s.

We supply electric vehicle charge points.

Pure-Electric Vehicle (Pure-EV)

A vehicle powered solely by a battery charged from mains electricity. Currently, typical pure-electric cars have a range of approximately 100 miles but are improving all the time.

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

A vehicle with a plug-in battery and an internal combustion engine (ICE). Typical PHEVs will have a pure-electric range of over 10 miles. After the pure-electric range is utilised, the vehicle reverts to the benefits of full hybrid capability (utilising both battery power and ICE) without range compromise.

Extended-Range Electric Vehicle (E-REV)

A vehicle powered by a battery with an ICE powered generator on board. E-REV’s are like pure-EV’s but with a shorter battery range of around 40 miles. Range is extended by an on board generator providing many additional miles of mobility. With an E-REV the vehicle is still always electrically driven.

Hybrid

A hybrid vehicle is powered by, either or both, a battery and an ICE. The power source is selected automatically by the vehicle, depending on speed, engine load and battery charge level. This battery cannot be plugged in; charge is maintained by regenerative braking supplemented by ICE generated power. A number of fuels can power hybrid ICE’s, including petrol, diesel, Compressed Natural Gas, Liquid Petroleum Gas and other alternative fuels.

There are two types of charging connectors

Type 1 (J1772 – 5 pin) Connector

This unit is compatible with all the following electric and hybrid cars

  • Nissan Leaf
  • Mitsubishi iMiEV / PHEV
  • Citroen C-Zero
  • Peugeot Ion
  • Ford Connect EV
  • Vauxhall/Opal Ampera
  • Toyota Prius PHEV
  • Renault Kangoo / Fluence
  • Kia Soul

Type 2 (Mennekes – 7 pin) Connector

This unit is compatible with all the following electric and hybrid cars

  • BMW i3 and i8
  • Renault Zoe
  • Porsche Panamera SE Hybrid
  • Tesla Model S
  • VW e-Up & Golf
  • Mercedes B Class
  • Audi eTron

Jargon Buster

As with many new technological development’s, there comes many new word’s, phrases and acronym’s for you to get your head around. Below is a gentle introduction that should help you communicate your way around an EV (Electric Vehicle) forum without all the headache’s:

  • EV – Electric Vehicle
  • BEV – 100% Battery Powered Electric Vehicle
  • EREV – Extended Range Electric Vehicle (Uses small generator to extend the battery life)
  • PHEV – Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle (Hybrid Vehicle that has plugin capability to charge the small battery)
  • ICE – Internal Combustion Engine (Petrol or Diesel engine vehicles)
  • EVSE – Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment
  • J1772 – Type 1 charging usually at 16amp or 32amp
  • IEC62196 – Type 2 Mennekes charging usually at 16 or 32amp
  • CHAdeMO – A DC Charging Systems use for Rapid Charging
  • Slow Charge – Usually 10amp or 16amp (3.6kw) charging
  • Fast Charge – Usually 32amp (7.2kw) or 32amp 3Phase(22kW)
  • Rapid Charge – Direct Current (DC) Charging usually 43kW AC or 50kW DC.

Public Charging

This can be where many new owners get confused with a lack of real world experience by some, however if you can grasp the basic’s and know your cars limits, this will come in time.

Modes of Charging

There are a number of options available in the UK for the charging of electric vehicles. A range of factors will influence a consumer’s decision to adopt any of the following modes and types of infrastructure, including the vehicle type, desired speed of charge, long-term interoperability and UK wiring regulations. The following set of recommendations is based on the current development of products and standards, and aims to promote safe and energy efficient charging practices.

There are 4 key modes (as defined in the standard BS EN 61851-1) for the charging of an electric vehicle, as summarised below:

Mode 1 charging

Non-dedicated circuit and socket-outlet, charging without cable-incorporated RCD protection

Mode 1 should not be used for the charging of an electric vehicle because RCD protection, which is necessary for a safe charging system, cannot be guaranteed at all outlets.

Mode 2 charging

Non-dedicated circuit and socket-outlet, charging with cable-incorporated RCD protection

Mode 2 can be used for the charging of an electric vehicle in locations where there is no dedicated charging installation (Mode 3 or 4, see below), and for use by legacy vehicles. Mode 2 cables are provided with an in-cable control box (including RCD), set and adjusted to a specific charging power, and guarantee the provision of RCD protection during charging.

Mode 3 charging

Fixed and dedicated socket-outlet

Mode 3 can be used for the charging of an electric vehicle and this is the preferred solution in the long term. Mode 3 chargers are defined in 2 configurations, either with a tethered cable or a dedicated socket-outlet.

Mode 4 charging

Dedicated rapid charging, DC supply

Mode 4 is a necessary service function for rapid charging, for use as roadside assistance and service station charging on long journeys.

Types of Charging and Standard Charging Times

Slow: using a standard 13 amp supply (10 – 12 hours for full charge)

Slow: using a 16 amp supply (6 – 8 hours for full charge)

Fast: uses single or three phase 32 amp supply (3 – 4 hours for full charge)

Rapid: uses a AC or DC supply (typically 80% charge in 30 mins) most Electric Highway sites tend to be 50Kw DC / 43kW AC.

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